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Alpha Glycerylphosphorylcholine (known by most as Alpha GPC) is the most effective nootropic choline supplement available today. Many users have made this or some version of Choline the base of their Nootropic supplementation routine. The choline that is found in alpha-glyceryl phosphoryl choline has the highest bioavailability and the best uptake in your brain, making it much more potent than other source of choline such as Citicoline or Choline Bitartrate. This supplement can give you enhanced mental performance, especially in the areas of memory formation, retention, recall, reasoning, focus and mood. Taking Alpha GPC it is also considered to be an excellent method of supporting cognitive health and preventing signs of aging like memory loss.

Not only is L-Alpha Glycerylphosphorylcholine great by itself, but it is also known to potentiate or improve the effectiveness of a number of other nootropics. It can intensify the benefits of supplements in the Racetam class as well as most other Cholinergic brain boosters. It has also been known to moderate some of the side effects associated with other Nootropic agents, especially headaches which result from an increased need for Choline. This is the main reason why many use it as a necessary component of nootropic stacks or regimens. You can buy Alpha GCP Choline on its own to make your own stack, or you can buy a pre-designed supplement combination such as Alpha Brain which contains this compound.

What is Alpha Glycerylphosphorylcholine
Alpha GPC is a natural Choline compound that is found in the brain and also in milk (especially in human breast milk). Useful as a nutritional supplement to enhance memory and cognitive function, this substance is a precursor in the biosynthesis of cell phospholipids and the neurotransmitter Acetylcholine. The proper functioning of this neurotransmitter is essential to cognitive abilities and synaptic plasticity.

An interesting fact to note is that disruptions in either the function of Acetylcholine or the synthesis of those phospholipids has been associated with a number of brain issues. These include memory impairments (even those related to old age and Alzheimer’s) and a general decline in thinking, learning, and reasoning. Alpha Glycerylphosphorylcholine is an extract from soy lecithin and is able to elevate levels of Acetylcholine within the brain as well as facilitating cell membrane fluidity and increasing the availability of neurotransmitter precursors. Of all of the different sources of choline available on the market, GPC Choline is regarded as the most concentrated, leading to the biggest increase in acetylcholine levels.

This Acetylcholine precursor plays an important part in many different brain functions. It is used to help build, develop, and even repair the cell membranes of new neurons as well as those cells which are no longer functioning properly. This ensures that the neurons function properly and allows for the efficient transmission and transportation of chemical messengers. Brain cells are also better maintained when taking Alpha GPC and signs of aging or damage may be reduced or even reversed.

Alpha Glycerylphosphorylcholine contributes to better formation of connections between neurons as well as better access to stored memories. It is known for boosting short term or working memory capacity which is a function that is highly connected to our concept of fluid intelligence. This is primarily due to the increased levels of Acetylcholine which can make it feel like your brain it working more efficiently and connecting the dots at a faster rate. Many users also report an enhanced feeling of mental energy which can also lead to an increased attention span, improved concentration and focus levels.

Several studies have confirmed that this supplement may be helpful in treating conditions of memory loss. These can range from conditions such as short-term amnesia to age related cognitive decline and even Alzheimer’s disease. The studies show that supplementation can lead to improvements in attention, memory related tasks, lessening of distortion, irritability, and even help to improve emotional control in many patients.

Alpha Glycerylphosphorylcholine Dosage:
alpha glycerylphosphorylcholine side effectsFinding the right dosage of Alpha GPC may require a bit of experimentation on your part to see what works for you. The generally accepted “safe” and effective dosage range is between 300 and 1200 milligrams per day. This can be taken all at once (preferably in the morning), but it is most effective when spread throughout the day in several equal administrations. Keep in mind that Alpha GPC is considered to be a very safe supplement at recommended dosages without significant side effects and it is very well-tolerated. However, at high doses you may experience headaches or brain fog which can be cured simply by reducing your dosing. You should always start out with the lowest effective dose and work your way up from there only after becoming familiar with its effects.

Alpha Glycerylphosphorylcholine Side Effects:
Although there are not any significant or dangerous side effects associated with this supplement, you should be aware of a few possibilities. The most common of these would be having a slight fishy smell to your body odor, sweat, and possibly urine. This is simply due to the process of Choline break down and elimination from the body. This is usually the result of taking too much at once and is very temporary. You may also experience increased sweating and salivation, nausea and stomach issues, and a decreased appetite. Once again, the proper course of action in these cases is to reduce the dose. Alpha GPC is very safe generally with a lot of positive benefits and low risk of negative reactions.

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How Nootropics Can Help Students Smoke Less or Quit Smoking

When it comes to performing well at exams or academic tests, students can be quite creative in finding ways to gain that valuable mental “edge” that would help them focus better at various tasks. Preserving mental “sharpness” can be quite difficult for some, especially since you have to study days or even weeks in a row in conditions of uncertainty, not knowing exactly if your efforts will yield the results you expect. This feeling of insecurity and uncertainly is what causes panic in some students, which immediately diminishes their intellectual effectiveness and adds confusion and chaos to their “battle” plan. Indeed, learning complex academic material for difficult exams is truly a battle of the mind. You have to fight boredom, lack of energy, low motivation and other distractive thoughts that may reduce you mental efficiency. It is a battle that many students abandon prematurely if they don’t obtain some kind of support. Some of them choose to quit college altogether, others choose to endure the misery and actually manage to learn something between episodes of panic and despair, while some others may choose to party instead and deal with the problem at some later time. Some students choose more constructive approaches like studying in groups or getting the help of their parents. However, the journey towards success in life is mostly a path that you need to walk on your own, so dealing with exams and academic tasks is really up to you and your ability to find solutions that eliminate any obstacles you may be confronted with.

Some Students Report That Smoking Cigarettes May Diminish Their Anxiety

Unfortunately, some students find unhealthy solutions to help calm their nerves before exams or tests. Numerous students start smoking cigarettes in college because they feel that it helps them become calmer and more mentally focused on tasks. The health risks, however, exceed the potential benefits by far. Cigarette smoke contains hundreds of toxic and health damaging chemicals that are inhaled regularly. Tobacco smoke has the ability to alter the structure of the mouth cavity, the bronchi and lung cells. The cells that come in direct contact with tobacco smoke will develop some defense mechanisms against the toxic chemicals in cigarette smoke, but these mechanisms will become weaker and less efficient over time. The bronchi and lung cells will progressively lose their capacity to extract oxygen from the inhaled air in an efficient manner. Moreover, persistent smoking may cause functional cells to be replaced with fibrous tissue, which diminishes the respiratory capacity of healthy lungs and can cause respiratory insufficiency over time. If a chronic smoker is lucky enough not to develop lung or mouth cancer during his or her lifetime, then he or she will certainly suffer from some degree of respiratory insufficiency and some type of cardiovascular issues. There is absolutely no way around the negative impact caused by smoking on the respiratory and cardiovascular system. No smoker is protected against lung damage, even if they have a strong immune system. Chronic smoking causes a gradual replacement of functional lung cells with fibrous cells, and a diminished respiratory volume. These changes cause the disease known as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or COPD. Virtually all smokers who have been consuming tobacco for many years have some form of COPD, ranging from mild to severe. In the terminal stages of COPD, even if the smoker has not been affected by lung cancer, the individual usually becomes dependent upon oxygen therapy provided by stationary or portable oxygen concentrators. It is an expensive and sometimes inconvenient form of therapy, and it also requires the individual to have oxygen available whenever it is needed to relieve the signs of respiratory distress. Not all smokers will be affected by severe COPD and not all will have the necessity to undergo oxygen therapy regularly, but some lung damage is unavoidable. Lung cancer is a more tragic story. It strikes without warning, and when respiratory difficulties are diagnosed, it is usually in advanced stages where treatment options are limited. In many cases, lung cancer is diagnosed accidentally when having an X-ray for another health problem. Smoking also creates an unnecessary risk for heart disease, bladder cancer, pancreatic cancer and impotence. As you can see, the costs of relieving your pre-exam anxiety and achieving short term mental focus are quite high with smoking. The health risks associated with chronic smoking of cigarettes are so dramatic that the mental benefits of smoking simply fade away. There are certainly safer ways to calm your nerves and achieve a “sharper” mind before an exam, and using nootropics is one of them.

Smoking Stimulates Nicotinic Receptors and Enhances Acetylcholine Neurotransmission in Your Brain

You would probably agree that smoking is harmful for your health if you understand the facts and the statistics presented conclusively by the medical community. But how does smoking help you concentrate better and help you stay calm? Well, the benefits are greatly exaggerated, although smoking does induce some temporary, short term changes in the activity of your brain. The only substance that is active biochemically in your brain in cigarette smoke is nicotine. The other hundreds of chemicals that are toxic for your lungs have absolutely no effect on your brain function and no mental benefits whatsoever. Is it worth the risk to inhale the multitude of toxic chemicals just to feel the effect of nicotine? Well, electronic cigarette manufacturers say that there is an alternative, but the safety of e-cigs is not yet clearly demonstrated. After all, they also deliver nicotine, which may have negative effects of its own since it is short acting yet powerful stimulant.

So how does nicotine influence neurotransmission in your brain?

By inducing changes in the acetylcholine neurotransmitter system, which is implicated in mental alertness, memory acquisition and better cognition, is the short answer. There are two types of acetylcholine receptors, which are scientifically known as muscarinic and nicotinic. As you can probably guess, nicotine is able to stimulant the second type of acetylcholine receptors. Why is it necessary to have two types of receptors sensitive to acetylcholine in your brain? The receptors are slightly different in terms of their chemical arrangement, which means that they will respond depending on the concentration of acetylcholine available in a particular neuronal synapse. At low concentrations, some receptors will respond better because they are more sensitive, while at higher concentrations, other groups of receptors will respond since they take longer to activate. It is a natural mechanism of fine tuning the effects of acetylcholine and allows for a selective activation of target brain cells or muscle fibers. Nicotinic receptors are sensitive to acetylcholine, but also to nicotine, obviously. These receptors can be found in the terminal junctions between neurons and muscle fibers, which are located at the end of nervous pathways. This is why excessive smoking can sometimes cause hand shaking due to an additional cholinergic (acetylcholine mediated) neurotransmission. In a similar manner, smoking can cause your heart to beat faster, can increase your blood pressure to some extent, and can stimulate the production of cortisol or adrenaline since the adrenal glands are also stimulated by nicotinic receptors through cholinergic nerve fibers.

By activating a subgroup of acetylcholine receptors in your brain, nicotine can improve mental alertness to some degree and make you feel “sharper” and less nervous. The effects, however, are greatly exaggerated by smokers for two reasons. First, the mental effects are not as dramatic as they are described by smokers. Most smokers are obviously biased when evaluating the effects of nicotine because they would do anything to hold onto this stress relief method they deeply believe in. Nicotine is a stimulant, and so the reported anxiety relief is probably just a consequence of distracting the mind through smoking. If you abandon smoking abruptly, then you may experience considerable anxiety and restlessness because the nicotinic receptors are not stimulated sufficiently through the delivered nicotine as it happened before. Moreover, you can experience anxiety right after you finish the cigarette because nicotine has prominent stimulant properties. Secondly, even though it is true that smoking can increase mental alertness to some extent, the effects of nicotine last only for several minutes and sometimes they may become less intense in a matter of seconds. It is a short-acting stimulant, and so the brain will return to its previous state of mental alertness very soon. This is why you may feel the need to smoke again, which won’t make your lungs happy at all. This self-enforced cycle of smoking and anxiety causes progressive health damage and can make quitting a very difficult task, so seeking help if you already smoke is highly encouraged.

Nootropics Provide a Safer Enhancement of Mental Sharpness

If you are smoking regularly to “calm your nerves” and focus more efficiently before a challenging exam or a difficult task at work, then you may want to try nootropics as a safer method to boost your mental productivity and achieve a sharper mind. First of all, nootropics are effective for hours rather than minutes when compared to nicotine effects. Moreover, nootropics do not work as typical stimulants. These supplements work through collateral, safer pathways to boost neurotransmission in your brain and enhance your memory, so hand shaking, palpitations or high blood pressure are less likely to occur. Rest assured that nootropics will not cause lung cancer or respiratory failure. Besides being safer for your lungs and your brain, you are able to control your mental productivity much better than with nicotine. The effects of nicotine are quite unpredictable because you never know what concentration of nicotine you are getting with every cigarette you smoke. It depends on the number of puffs, on the concentration of nicotine in that particular tobacco batch and on the volume of your puffs. You can, however, achieve a predictable stimulation of your mental productivity and memory by gradually experimenting with nootropic stacks and trying new supplements on a regular basis.

You can accurately observe the effects and control the dosage, which makes nootropics a far better mental enhancing method than smoking nervously every hour. Examples of nootropics that can induce mental sharpness in a safe manner are racetams like aniracetam or phenylpiracetam, “smart drugs” like noopept or reversible inhibitors of the acetylcholinesterase enzyme like huperzine A or galantamine. You can also try mental boosters like caffeine or L-theanine for better mental clarity. If you are already a smoker, it may be difficult for you to abandon this unhealthy habit abruptly. It is not recommended to consume tobacco and nootropics at the same time due to potential stimulant-like side effects. You are encouraged to seek help with smoking cessation from a doctor and then ask him or her whether it is a good idea for you to try nootropics after your cardiovascular and respiratory health is accurately checked. Start experimenting with small doses and various combinations of nootropic supplements, and increase the intake of nootropics incorporated in your stack after at least one week of observing the effects. You will soon discover the amazing potential of these safe supplements and you will create your own individual stack that will offer you the fine tuned mental enhancement you need. It will hopefully boost your mental sharpness and provide enough motivation to persevere in your academic or work related endeavors.

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Noopept is one of the most effective and strongest of all the Nootropic supplements on the market today. It has the potential to offer many benefits in terms of improving memory, learning capacity, focus, and concentration. In fact, it is also even being used in other parts of the world as a treatment for more serious cognitive diseases and ailments. As a beginner to the world of Nootropics or cognitive enhancers as they are often called, you likely have some questions and concerns. This guide is designed to explain some of the positive benefits of Noopept, how the supplement actually works, proper dosage levels, and even ways to combine it with other Nootropics for improved or additional benefits.

Benefits Of Noopept:
Most people turn to Noopept because they are hoping to increase their brainpower and experience cognitive enhancement. Certainly, a number of users and studies have shown that this can be very effective at increasing memory and learning abilities. Speed of memory recall may also be improved. It is interesting to note that different people will experience these effects in different ways. Some may find them to be subtle improvements, such as being able to hold conversations longer and with much less effort (and then remember every detail later). Others may see some significant improvements when taking Noopept powder and are subsequently able to remember almost everything. The same goes for enhanced learning capacity.

Mental energy is also improved. This can be compared to lifting a type of brain fog. Everything will become more clear and require less thought when supplementing with Noopept. Attention span is improved along with greater concentration and focus. In this regard many users also are able to see significant improvements in their levels of stress and anxiety. You may feel that using Noopept powder can increase your productivity, motivation and drive.

The supplement is also important for supporting overall brain health. Noopept is actually considered a neuroprotectant, meaning that it has the ability to help protect the neurons in the brain from damage. Much as an anti-oxidant is able to rid the body (or brain) of toxins and poisons, so can Noopept. Stress caused by oxidation is reduced, and many researchers also think that damage from excessive alcohol consumption may also be reduced.

Overall brain communication is also improved. The development of connections and growth of new synapses that connect the left and right hemispheres of the brain are greatly facilitated while taking Noopept. This allows for some interesting and unique integrations between functions and abilities normally associated with particular side of the brain. It is also this integration process which many researchers have postulated as the main reason for long-term memory improvement as well as the anti-anxiety benefits promoted with this supplement.

How Noopept Works?
noopept guideNoopept is actually absorbed by the body from within the GI tract where it then circulates to the brain and crosses the blood-brain barrier with ease. When taken in the proper dosage levels it has a very high bioavailability level, so almost all of it is indeed absorbed. The substance is capable of reaching maximum concentration within about 15 to 20 minutes making it one of the fastest acting nootropic supplements available.

Noopept (which is a peptide chemical compound) then travels to specific Glutamate receptor sites within the brain. It binds with these sites and helps to inhibit the breakdown of Glutamate which is one of the most powerful neurotransmitters relative to cognitive function. Noopept also stimulates these receptors to be more sensitive to Glutamate so that they are activated more readily. The Glutamatergic system is believed to be vitally important in memory formation, learning, and other cognitive processes that we typically associated with increased intelligence.

Another interesting way in which Noopept works is by helping to increase the amount of oxygen within the brain. This main be one of the reasons why many users report a feeling of clarity, even sometimes from among the first moments of taking this supplement. Glucose metabolism in the brain is also enhanced. Glucose (sugar) is the main source of energy in the brain and when you improve its metabolism you make it more available for the brain to tap into. This is another possible explanation for the increased brain energy, mental clarity, focus, and concentration that occurs after taking Noopept.

Noopept Dosage:
what is noopeptThe proper way to dose Noopept is to start low and increase over time only as needed. This means you should begin with as little as 5 mg two or three times a day. Some people will ultimately increase to 40 mg of Noopept powder per day, but it is common to take between 10 – 30 mg per day. Under no circumstances should this dose ever exceed 20 mg three times a day or you may overstimulate glutamate receptors. The reason for spreading these administrations is to help build up or maintain an effective level of Noopept within the system since it has a very short half-life. You can mix your nootropic powders into a glass of water or with Noopept take it sublingually by placing it under your tongue.

Noopept Stacks with Other Nootropics:
Under certain conditions, Noopept may be combined or stacked with other Nootropics. Although this strategy is not recommended for beginners, this could be something you wish to try in the future in order to enhance already obtained benefits. Typical Noopept stacks will include a choline source such as Alpha GPC or Citicoline. Some people will combine Noopept with nootropics known to offer very different cognitive benefits so that they experience a wider array of nootropic effects. For example, you may want to use Noopept with a nootropic aimed at reducing anxiety or at increasing creative thought. You may decide to take Noopept with Piracetam to potentiate its effects. There are any number of Noopept stacks out there that you can experiment with once you have some understanding of how this supplement works independently.

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5-HTP (5-Hydroxytryptophan, Oxitriptan) is a supplement used to improve mood, reduce anxiety and stress, suppress the appetite, and promote better sleep. This chemical compound is also a naturally occurring amino acid and serves many important roles in the body. It acts as a metabolic intermediate in the breakdown of tryptophan to produce serotonin and melatonin. While some people take tryptophan supplements for mood enhancement and appetite suppression purposes, using a 5-HTP dosage avoids one of the metabolic steps and is therefore more potent.

Using 5-HTP supplements will increase levels of the serotonin and melatonin inhibitory neurotransmitters in the brain. Serotonin is important in digestion as it promotes peristalsis and is also responsible for feelings of “happiness” and “well-being,” whereas melatonin is a hormone whose circulation is key in maintaining circadian rhythm (also known as the “Biological Clock”) in animals. This is important for regulating sleep patterns, hence why 5-HTP dosages can be prescribed in order to combat insomnia. It can also be used in a nootropic stack to address indirect factors related to cognitive function such as mood and sleep quality.

In terms of natural diet, human intake of 5-HTP is insignificant. However, the essential amino acid that it aids in metabolising (tryptophan) is a common constituent of most protein-based foods. It is found in foods like red meat, poultry, potatoes, milk, pumpkins and various green vegetables. Tryptophan is an essential amino acid, meaning that it cannot be synthesised by the human body and must be acquired from dietary sources such as those listed above. But taking an equivalent dose of Tryptophan will not lead to the same end result as taking 5-HTP. Tryptophan is subject to a rate-limiting factor that prevents excess amounts being taken up by the brain and turned into active neurotransmitters. 5-HTP dosages are known to be more effective because they bypass this rate limit, allowing you to increase serotonin levels beyond your pre-programmed biochemical norm.

Where does 5-HTP come from?
5-htp dose5-HTP is typically sourced from the plant Griffonia simplicifolia. This makes 5-HTP a natural nootropic. This is a climbing shrub that is found in West and Central Africa, and its seeds are harvested for their 5-HTP. Griffonia simplicifolia can grow up the 3 meters high and bears green flowers.
What does 5-HTP do? 5-HTP aids in the metabolic breakdown of tryptophan into serotonin and melatonin. As such can be used to treat things such as depression, anxiety and any problems that a patient may be having with their sleep patterns. Serotonin aids in depression by causing feelings of happiness, hence 5-HTP’s action as an antidepressant, and as stated above melatonin plays a role in the maintenance of a regular circadian rhythm. 5-HTP can be used as part of a nootropic stack for relaxation, improved sleep and even as a lucid dreaming aid.

What is the recommended 5-HTP dosage?
5-HTP capsules are sold over the counter in the United States, United Kingdom and Canada, typically in 50mg or 100mg gelatine encased tablets. The recommended dosage for 5-HTP will vary based on the ailment that it is being taken for. Since 5-HTP can be used to treat many problems, such as sleep issues, anxiety or depression, knowing which dose is required for you is essential.
It is very important to note that 5-HTP can be dangerous if taken at exceptionally high doses, and anyone considering taking it should seek medical advice and always read the label and any accompanying instructions carefully. 5-HTP is not generally suitable for use by children under the age of 18.

For sleep problems, some sources recommend a dose of 200mg taken before bedtime, and taken with 8 ounces of water. For anxiety, 5-HTP dosage is recommended at a 50mg capsule each day, but can be increased if advised to do so by a doctor. Some sources even recommend taking these capsules three times a day, but a doctor will be able to advise the appropriate dosage on a case-by-case basis.

The recommended dosage for 5-HTP also varies with health and age, though unfortunately no reliable sources of these guidelines are currently available. As such, anyone considering taking 5-HTP for anxiety, depression or sleep issues should consult their doctor before starting, so that they can be sure that they are receiving the correct dosage.

For headaches, sources say that on average 300-600mg can be taken daily by mouth in divided portions. An amount this high should not be taken on an on-going basis. Again, these will vary at the discretion of a medical professional. For hot flashes, 150mg are recommended to be taken orally on a daily basis for up to four weeks.

Is it possible to overdose?
5-htp overdoseAs with any medication, overdose is a concern and 5-HTP is no exception. Symptoms of an overdose can include:

• Tachycardia (increased heart rate)
• Hallucinations
• Sweating
• Dizziness or feeling faint
• Muscle twitching
• Diarrhoea

Anyone experiencing any of these symptoms and fears that they may have an overdose of 5-HTP, should seek medical attention immediately and should receive supportive care.

There is also concern that high intake of 5-HTP can cause serotonin syndrome. In addition, taking 5-HTP in conjunction with antidepressants of the MAOI (Monoamine oxidase inhibitor) or SSRI (Selective serotonin re-uptake inhibitor) classes can also cause serotonin syndrome, which is a serious condition that is a form of poisoning and can be potentially life threatening.

All in all, anyone considering taking 5-HTP should consult their doctor first in order to make sure they are not taking any drugs that it may interact with and also that they are prescribed the correct dosage for their particular problem. While 5-HTP does offer a lot of potential benefits, there are some serious dangers that can occur if it is abused. Only a medical professional who is informed as to your personal medical history can help you decide on the right 5-HTP dosage.

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Understanding the modern phenomenon of smart drugs has been a challenge for many people. Even the term “nootropics” seems to be alien and somewhat difficult to write or pronounce. However, the history of the neuro enhancers is a fascinating one and something that has yet to be told. The following article will provide you some background into how nootropics were originally found, why they are being used, and how it has changed over time. The nootropic scene today looks quite different from a few years ago and even more so than when first found.

Nootropics in 1970s

The first nootropic drug was found in the 1960s and utilized first as a tool to help people with motion sickness. After that episode, the drug was tested for memory enhancement. In 1971 the first studies were done on piracetam as a nootropic drug that could improve memory. With the advent of this drug, the term “nootropics” was actually coined by a Romanian doctor named Dr. Corneliu Giurgea. With his tests on piracetam, he decided to use a Greek combination of “nous” meaning “mind” and “trepein” meaning “to bed”. Literally, the drugs were able to help bend the mind.

Since then, the studies of piracetam have been done all around the world to focus on specific aspects. Understanding whether racetams can help to improve memory with choline, testing neuro protective benefits with Alzheimer’s patients, and much more. The tests expanded to other analogues of piracetam, such as aniracetam and oxiracetam, where studies remained equally upbeat.

However, this was but a small fraction of the nootropic drugs studied over the past few decades. At first the studies were done on rats and animals to test whether it was a statistically significant improvement. Then toxicity studies came and finally they were done on willing human patients. As people have found the nootropic drugs, they have been wary without the adequate proof.

Nootropics Today

Today, people are realizing that the nootropic drugs are far more useful and less risky than ever before. The many decades of tests have proven how important the drugs can be not only for people who want to enhance their lives, but also those who want to just be healthy in general.

Neuro enhancing drugs can be incredibly effective for anyone who is trying to get ahead in the modern world. Just a few years ago it wasn’t even that popular as it was taboo to take the drugs outside of a prescription. Today it seems a lot more interesting to get involved within the industry and even partake in the pills themselves.

Are Nootropics for You?

In determining whether you want to take nootropics or not, it is a good idea for you to make sure you know about your goals. For those who just want to be healthy, it might be enough to supplement with some choline. Those who want to pass all of the medical exams might need to buy piracetam or find other methods of enhancing their memory retention and concentration while they are studying.

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Even though the people who have popularized the best nootropics are youth, there are plenty of great drugs that can help older people as much. In fact, some of the smart drugs being used by millions of college students around the world could be used more or as effectively with adults. The racetam line of neuro enhancers are well known to help people to protect their neurological connections and to improve the memory retention. Older people who are suffering from age-related neuronal loss (loss of memory, senile dementia, Alzheimer’s disease etc.) can all benefit from using these nootropic drugs.

Best Nootropics to Start

Elderly people or family members who understand the benefits of piracetam will be eager to start. Improving memory in many of these people is the highest priority as it can mean the difference between an extended enjoyable life and a slow decrepit decline. Most elderly people will have some form of neuronal loss as they get older and the best nootropics can help to prevent that.

People who are starting off with piracetam or other racetams should make sure they don’t have a huge dosage and do not go without using choline. Using choline in addition to the piracetam will help to improve the results and provide mitigation against many of the headaches and other problems that occur when there is a depletion of acetylcholine.
Starting off with 1 gram piracetam capsules twice a day can have a huge impact on memory in the short and long-term. Take some choline products as well to ensure there is a synergy between the two. Once you have done that, there is a good chance you will be able to start seeing results in only a few days. Some people instantly see results when it comes to the vivid nature of their dreams.

Racetams for Elderly Memory Enhancement

There are other racetams that can help for elderly patients as well, but the studies are less clear. The piracetam powder was found first and therefore has the most studies. Aniracetam and oxiracetam have their own advantages, but fewer studies that can back them up and provide a convincing argument. For those who want to start, the piracetam is probably the best choice.

However, if you have started with piracetam and find that there are not as many improvements as you would like, then it might be a good idea to look for memory enhancement through the other analogues. Both aniracetam and oxiracetam have totally different properties even though they are similar in their chemical composition and structure. If you want to get started with elderly memory enhancement you can even use nootropic stacks together so that you can get the best of both worlds.

Using Best Nootropics with Elderly Patients

The best nootropics are the ones that can help not only the young adults who are trying to get through college, but also the elderly who are suffering from Alzheimer’s disease and other memory related problems. By starting with the piracetam substance, you can help elderly people or yourself to enjoy better memory and prevent degradation of memories.

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Did You Know…?

Sulbutiamine is the generic name for Arcalion, a supplement use primarily for increasing energy.  Many people who suffer from a lack of energy use sulbutiamine [1].

What is sulbutiamine?

Sulbutiamine is a form of Vitamin B1 that originated from Japan. Sulbutiamine improves energy, memory, and is used to help those with erectile dysfunction along with the many other benefits [4]. Its popularity has soared in recent years.

Sulbutiamine Benefits

  • Improves memory and cognition: Studies have demonstrated that the use of sulbutiamine improves memory through the potentiation of cholinergic and dopaminergic transmission.[2]
  • Improve reflexes [5]
  • Improves your ability to focus [5]
  • Improves fatigue [1]
  • Improves mood [3]
  • Can help with erectile dysfunction [4]
  • Used as an appetite suppressor [6]
  • Weight loss: Burns fat to help reduce body weight [6]

The benefits of this supplement are outstanding.  It has the ability to improve neurotransmission; it can help improve reflexes, attention and mental alertness. It is also helpful to those with asthenia – a form of chronic fatigue that is based on cognitive function rather than being muscular in origin [1].  Sulbutiamine also can improve a person’s mood[3]. People also use sulbutiamine to alleviate stress. Recent studies have suggested that sulbutiamine may help those with erectile dysfunction [4]. Some users take sulbutiamine as an appetite suppressor and fat burner to help reduce body weight.  It is truly the jack-of-all-trades.



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Taking Nootropics for depression and mood enhancement is very common along with the many other benefits for cognitive function and brain health. Sadly, mood problems, anxiety, and depression affect many people these days. Recent estimates have placed this number as high as 10 percent of the population, not counting those who have temporary mood issues like Seasonal Affective Disorder or those who have very mild symptoms. While just taking pills or supplements will not be the answer for everyone a good number of people, especially those with milder symptoms, could benefit from adding a number of nootropics into their supplementation routine.  But which are the best nootropics for depression to help with these issues? Are there any associated side effects? This article will take you through the best nootropics for mood enhancement and related issues.


This supplement is a member of the racetam family and has become well-known for its mood boosting properties . It is fat soluble, so it is best to take it with food. Many users have reported that one of the main effects with this racetam is that they feel stimulated, with a great amount of positive mental energy, concentration and focus. This energy can also be helpful in motivation which is definitely something that people with depression-like symptoms have as problem.

There are also additional effects with Aniracetam supplements, such as helping to increase blood flow to the brain. It is believed to act on several powerful brain chemicals known as Neurotransmitters. There is even some speculation that it might help to increase communication between the two hemispheres of the brain. Many users also swear by this one as a way to help positively influence creativity and holistic thinking.


Sulbutamine is technically a member of the B family of vitamins, although it does act very similar to a nootropic in many ways. This supplement is a modified version of thiamine that is known to possess a number of anti-anxiety and anti-depression qualities. It is even prescribed in many foreign countries as a treatment for both of these (and related) conditions.

This supplement works by effectively crossing the blood-brain barrier and increase levels of thiamine and related substances. This enhances the ability of brain neurons to communicate and is believed to have positive effects on choline, dopamine, and glutamate, three of the most powerful brain chemicals that play a role in mood and movement operations. Many people report that this supplement helps to relieve stress, fatigue, attention, and mental alertness. All of these can be incredibly helpful benefits to those suffering from anxiety and mild depression related symptoms.



Noopept is one of the most powerful nootropics available. It has mood boosting effects that are similar to Aniracetam, only a bit more potent. It is very fast acting due to the fact that it absorbs quickly and easily crosses the blood-brain barrier; oftentimes effects are felt within fifteen minutes. There is a lot of anecdotal evidence to support that taking this supplement increases brain energy and motivation.

In fact, experienced nootropic users indicate that this may be the most effective motivation supplement.


A number of studies indicate that Noopept acts as a neuroprotective. Meaning that it helps to keep the neurons in the brain healthy. In some cases, it may even be able to reverse existing damage. This is perhaps why it is so effective at boosting mood and helping to alleviate stress and symptoms of anxiety and depression. It is also believed that this supplement helps to increase and even build connections within the brain, meaning that this might be an effective long-term solution for sustaining a number of these beneficial effects.



Once again, this supplement is not a true nootropic. Inositol is well regarded as a member of the vitamin B family, but does seem to have positive effects on anxiety improvement. It works by crossing the blood-brain barrier and then helping to increase the production of GABA, another powerful brain chemical. Additionally, it may help to increase the effectiveness of other medications designed to help boost GABA levels by enhancing their binding properties to receptor sites.

As levels of GABA increase within the brain you should notice a feeling of calm and well-being. This supplement also helps to reduce stress levels and promote normal sleep patterns. This is an excellent natural solution for those who suffer from mild anxiety and depression as well as sleep issues.


There are many other nootropics that can help with mood and depression. The real test however, is to discover what specific effects they have on you. Take a look at the descriptions of each drug and give one (or all) of them a try.

What do you think the best nootropic or nootropic stack is for depression?